Los Roques Arquipélago, Os primeiros exploradores – Fatos interessantes.

O que é Los Roques?

Los Roques Archipelago National Park é um parque nacional na Venezuela. Foi fundada em 1972, under the presidency of Rafael Caldera, encompassing above all, the Los Roques Archipelago, an extensive coral atoll 36 from west to east and 24.6 kms from north to south, made up of some 50 islands and 282 keys (cays).

Where is Los Roques?

Of great diversity and scenic beauty, it is located in the Caribbean Sea, just off the coast of mainland Venezuela, almost in a straight line north of the mainland city of Caracas and La Guaira.

Is Los Roques inhabited?

The only island in the archipelago that has a permanent population is that of Gran Roque (1.7 km²) with about 1,200 full time inhabitants.

How to get to Los Roques?

Because there is no regular shipping service, only 15% of visitors arrive by water. For those who do not have access to a yacht or sailboat, the best alternative is to fly like 85% of the tourists who arrive in Los Roques. There are regular flights from Caracas, Maracaibo and Porlamar.

What other important islands and keys (cays) comprise Los Roques?

Other important islands and keys are Francisquí, Crasquí, Madrisquí, Pirata, Fernando, Noronquí and Dos Mosquises.

What makes the Archipelago of Los Roques special as a tourist destination?

The park has one of the most diverse and best preserved coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea and many small secluded white sandy beaches (sand flats) on the nearby islands / cays.

There are a wide range of activities although many visitors just want to enjoy the sandy beaches on the nearby islands, snorkel and relax.

A full list of activities, include:

caiaque
Navegação
Snorkeling
Fishing – “catch and release”
Mergulho
Wind e kitesurf
Visit the small museum and the turtle preservation project in Dos Mosquises by boat.
Hiking – the highest point of Gran Roque is barely 130m above sea level but from this point, the lighthouse, one can have great views of the Archipelago.

What is the climate like?

The climate is very cool, with an average annual temperature of 28 ºC and an average annual rainfall of 250 mm. Contudo, the sun can be very strong and regular use of sunscreen is essential.

How are the restaurants and the food?

The restaurants are generally simple but there are some posadas that are quite elaborate – all serve fabulous fresh sea food and cold beer or cocktails. Along the main beach / strip of Gran Roque you will find good breakfasts and “trendy” bars with outside sandy patios. Lobsters are a favourite with visitors, although not served all year round.

How is the snorkelling / mergulho?

A rica variedade de espécies marinhas do arquipélago impressiona qualquer mergulhador. Los Roques’ coral reefs are exceptionally varied environments where fluctuations in temperature, pequenas áreas de águas turbulentas e calmas, e áreas claras e sombreadas onde uma abundância de nutrientes é gerada.

Algumas espécies de peixes, como o cirurgião peixe, angel fish and the spot fin butterfly fish, adaptaram-se especialmente ao recife de coral. Se você optar por mergulhar em Los Roques, você encontraria uma variedade diversificada de peixes, papagaio peixe, barracudas, tubarões-lixa, várias espécies de raias e arraias e enormes telas de plâncton.

If you were to dive in the crystal blue waters on an undersea scuba diving adventure or even with snorkel, você também veria um complexo ecossistema subaquático de ervas marinhas. Este ecossistema é a casa de centenas de espécies de peixes, , bem como de moluscos, tartarugas, snails, the queen conch and large starfish.

Take your family on one of the islands best boat excursion – snorkelling for starfish.

How does one arrange a scuba diving trip?

Se você quer uma ilha das Caraíbas de férias longe dos navios de cruzeiros e resorts lotados, o arquipélago de Los Roques personalizado pacote de férias de mergulho de Angel-Eco Tours é para você.

Pacotes de mergulho estão disponíveis mediante solicitação. Many travellers add this package on to another Angel-Eco Tours trip. Remember to allow an extra day for travel to acclimatize after a scuba trip.

How is the sport fishing?

One of the most sought-after fish is the Bone Fish, they don’t grow enormous but for the average or even seasoned fisherman or woman it is one of the favourites to catch and high on their bucket list.

One has to buy a permit and it is good to rent a boat (most posadas have their contacts) the captains will then take you to visit different locations.

Are there packages to Fish / Relax?

Sim! Para indivíduos ou famílias.

Los Roques, é considerado o paraíso dos pescadores há décadas. É mundialmente famosa pela pesca com mosca de bonefish, um dos peixes mais rápidos e bonitos do mar. Muitos pescadores de todo o mundo, dream of one day catching a bonefish.

Contudo, para a maioria das pessoas, uma viagem de bonefish é muito cara e pode ser muito 'hardcore'. Pescadores hardcore pagarão muito dinheiro pelo privilégio de alguns dias perseguindo essas balas de prata. And it can be intense, às vezes 10 horas pescando, sob o sol quente do Caribe. As a family enjoy the perfect balance of a holiday, onde quem quiser pescar bonefish pode fazê-lo, e quem quer relaxar pode relaxar.

como Paul Stanley, o presidente da Angel-Eco, recently wrote – “On a trip some weeks before the pandemic struck, um amigo, que é um ávido pescador, Meu irmão, um “vagabundo” de praia e eu passamos três dias / duas noites no paraíso. Visitamos três pequenas ilhas, próximo ao Gran Roque, durante os três dias e meu bom amigo me convenceu a pescar com ele em cada um dos locais onde fomos deixados todos os dias.

Nesses poucos dias pesquei apenas com uma simples roupa de fiação e peguei 10-11 diferentes espécies de peixes, culminando em uma captura especial do dia, a nice sized bonefish! Disseram-me que este peixe em particular é o sonho de um pescador. Compreensivelmente, realmente depois da luta que colocou, ainda melhor do que as duas cavalas espanholas, pargos e barracudas que eu havia pescado antes disso. fiquei literalmente viciado; eu tive uma explosão. Depois dessa última captura, parei de pescar, como eu senti que tinha feito tudo. Em seguida, aproveitei o sol luxuoso e as belas águas azuis - claro, regado a uma boa cerveja refrescante (talvez dois!)."

How is the bird-life on the islands?

As ilhas também são um paraíso para observador de aves. As espécies incluem mascarado, peitos-pés-vermelhos e marrons, andorinhas fuligem, noddies marrom, gaivotas e pelicanos marrons rindo.

Do 92 espécies de aves que tenham sido gravados no arquipélago Los Roques, 50 migram da América do Norte para fugir do inverno rigoroso. Devido à sua localização, Los Roques Parque Nacional Marinho é ideal como um descanso e área de alimentação para as aves.

Is there much wildlife on the islands?

Due to the extreme environmental conditions and the lack of fresh water, land animals are not very abundant so the list is limited to a few species of iguanas, lizards, spiders, and insects. The fishing bat (Noctilio leporinus) is the only native land mammal.

It is in the water that the immense wealth becomes evident: 307 species of fish, 200 species of crustaceans, 140 species of molluscs, 61 coral species and 60 species of sponges. There are also 45 species of sea urchins and starfish. Dolphins, sharks, whales, manta rays (Manta birostris) and turtles abound.

The animals that are mostly represented are the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), the botuto or pink queen conch (Strombus gigas), the spiny lobster (Panulirus argus), typical coral reef fish and 92 espécies de aves. Los Roques is a meeting point for some 50 species of migratory birds from North America . Among the most frequent birds are the brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), two species of booby birds, the red-footed (Sula sula) and the brown booby (Sula leucogaster) and the guanaguanare gull (Larus atricilla). Flamingos can also be seen (Phoenicopterus ruber).

Four types of turtles regularly nest in the archipelago and are on the list of globally threatened species: loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta), green or white turtles (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) and hawksbill turtles. (Eretmochelys imbricata).

General information

Geology

The original rock that serves as its base originated about 40 million years ago, in the Upper Cretaceous Calcareous sediments from snails, corals and other marine debris accumulated on it. With the drastic rise in water level during the last glaciation, the growth of reefs that form two well-defined barriers to the north and south was facilitated. These, in turn, facilitated the formation of islands and keys with their protective effect.

The origin of the archipelago as we know it today is – geologically speaking – very recent, dating back only 10,000 para 15,000 anos. Los Roques has the particularity of being the only coral atoll in the world in whose formation were not formed by volcanic activity.

História

It is estimated that the human presence in Los Roques dates back to the end of the first millennium of our era. According to recent archaeological studies, the archipelago was a frequent destination for indigenous from Lake Valencia and the central coast of Venezuela and perhaps the Taino Indians from Puerto Rico, who came to perform ritual festivals and to collect botutos, fish, hunt turtles, as well as extract of salt. Also later, during the colonial era, the arrival of people attracted by pearls, salt and mangrove became frequent. Smugglers and pirates used its intricate shorelines as a hiding place.

In the second half of the 19th century, the Venezuelan government signed an agreement with a Dutch businessman for the extraction of guano, an activity carried out mainly by people from Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao. To them we owe the curious names of many of the islands, ending in the syllable qui derived from the English word “key” which means “cay”.

In the mid-20th century Venezuelan fishermen from Isla de Margarita began to settle permanently, initially on eight of the islands and since the creation of the national park, only on Gran Roque.

Can you imagine this?

O sol filtrada pelas mornas águas azul-esverdeadas. O único som que se ouve é a sua própria respiração. Das profundezas, um grande barracuda desliza por, e, em seguida, um peixe esquilo e um pargo. You swim deeper to get a better look at the dazzling colours of the beautiful yet fragile Cabecera de Los Roques barrier reef.

Você está fazendo uma viagem fantástica em um dos locais mais espetaculares do mundo para mergulho e snorkel. Você está experimentando um dos poucos destinos eco-mergulho no mundo de hoje.

Then choose your own private beach to fish or simply lap up the sun’s rays – even snack on a delicious lobster and other local fresh seafood.